Journal of Environmental Biology
pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP
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Abstract - Issue Sep 2008, 29 (5) Back
Triadimefon pretreatment protects newly assembled membrane system and causes up-regulation of stress proteins in salinity stressed Amaranthus lividus L. during early germination
Graduate, Department of Botany,
(Received: October 24, 2006; Revised received: May 15, 2007; Accepted:June 27, 2007)
Abstract: Imposition of salinity stress during early germination imposes a secondary oxidative stress in 120? hr old Amaranthus lividus seedlings (measured in terms of accumulation of reactive oxygen species, antioxidative defense system and oxidative membrane lipid and protein damages). Seeds of Amaranthus when treated with triadimefon along with NaCl salinity, significantly enhanced the activities of catalase, peroxidase and superoxide dismutase, compared to untreated salinity stressed 5 day old? seedlings. Triadimefon treatment also reduced the accumulation of both the ROS (H2O2 and O2.-) in 5 day old Amaranthus seedlings. When oxidative membrane damages were estimated for triadimefon treated and salinity stressed juvenile seedlings and compared with untreated salinity stressed seedlings, it shows a clear reversal in oxidative membrane damages induced by triadimefon under salinity stress.Triadimefon treatment significantly reduces the membrane lipid peroxidation and the loss of membrane protein thiol level in salinity stressed Amaranthus seedlings. That triadimefon treatment under salinity stress restores the membrane integrity and improves the post- germinative seedling growth could be supported by the data of membrane injury index (MII), relative leakage ratio (RLR), membrane permeability status (MPS), relative growth index (RGI) and mean tolerance index (MTI). SDS?PAGE of total extractible proteins revealed that some new proteins were synthesized in triadimefon treated and salinity stressed seedlings as compared to untreated and salinity stressed one. However, the most remarkable feature is the up-regulation of some of the stress proteins in triadimefon treated and salinity stressed seedlings. So, it appears that significant extent of salinity tolerance exhibited by triadimefon pretreated Amaranthus seedlings could be related to the mitigation of oxidative damage to the newly assembled membrane system of juvenile tissues as well as synthesis and up-regulation of stress proteins that enhanced salinity tolerance.
Key words:?? Salinity, Triadimefon, Oxidative stress, Amaranthus, Membrane protein thiol, Reactive oxygen species, Stress proteins
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