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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Sep 2008, 29 (5)                                     Back

Interactions between marine facultative epiphyte Chlamydomonas sp

Biosorption of Cr (VI) ions from electroplating industrial effluent using immobilized Aspergillus niger biomass


S. Chhikara* and R. Dhankhar

Ecology Laboratory, Department of Bio-Sciences, M.D. University, Rohtak - 124 001, India

(Received: January 01, 2007; Revised received: June 05, 2007 ; Accepted: July 10, 2007)

Abstract:? A fungus, Aspergillus niger was chemically treated with 0.1 M H2SO4 and 0.1N NaOH to form biosorbent and it was immobilized in calcium alginate beads.? The biosorption capacity of immobilized biosorbents for Cr (VI) was found to depend on pH, contact time, biosorbent dose and initial concentration of Cr(VI). The maximum uptake of Cr (VI) was 92.5, 95.9 and 98.4 mg respectively at a pH of 1.5 and with an increase in pH up to 10.5 the metal uptake decreased gradually upto 38.75, 50.19 and 65.28 mg respectively for acid treated, untreated and base treated fungal biosorbents. Increase in biosorbent dose up to 1g of biomass and contact time up to 60 min resulted in an increase in biosorption from 19.6, 15.6 and 26.1 mg at a biosorbent dose of 0.1g 100 ml-1 to 92.45, 95.7 and 98.52 mg at a biosorbent dose of 1.0 g 100 ml-1 and then further increase in adsorbent dose and contact time did not resulted in more Cr (VI) adsorption by per unit weight of biosorbent. The value of Kad (adsorption rate constant) revealed the pseudo-first order nature of biosorption. The percentage metal uptake by the biosorbent was found to decrease upto 62.33, 52.67 and 83.5 percent respectively for acid treated, untreated and base treated fungal biosorbents at the 300? mgl-1 Cr (VI) ion concentration. The resulted data was found to fit well in langmuir model of adsorption isotherm with a high value of correlation coefficient. The value of Qmax, b (Langmuir constants),? RL (separation factor) and DG (Gibb?s free energy) revealed the favourable nature of adsorption.? The biosorbed metal was eluted from the biosorbent by using 0.1M H2SO4 as elutant. Immobilized biosorbent can be reused for, five consecutive biosorption/desorption cycles without apparent loss of efficiency after its reconditioning. The biosorbent was found to perform well in the electroplating industrial effluent.

Key words: ? Aspergillus niger, Adsorption, Immobilization, Isotherm, Chromium

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