JEB logo

Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

About Journal
    Editorial Board
    Reviewer Panel
    RnD Division
    Subscription Info
    Contact Journal
 
Read Journal
    Current Issue
    Journal Archives
 
For Authors
    Authoring Guidelines
    Publication Process
    Track Paper Status
 

Search the Journal web-site through Google:


        Abstract - Issue Jan 2008, 29 (1)                                                                                                             Back



Forest diversity, climate change and forest fires in the Mediterranean region of Turkey

Acid rain and its ecological consequences

Anita Singh and Madhoolika Agrawal*

Ecology Research Laboratory, Department of Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221 005, India

(Received: February 23, 2006 ; Revised received: July 25, 2006 ; Accepted: August 12, 2006)

Abstract: Acidification of rain-water is identified as one of the most serious environmental problems of transboundary nature. Acid rain is mainly a mixture of sulphuric and nitric acids depending upon the relative quantities of oxides of sulphur and nitrogen emissions. Due to the interaction of these acids with other constituents of the atmosphere, protons are released causing increase in the soil acidity. Lowering of soil pH mobilizes and leaches away nutrient cations and increases availability of toxic heavy metals. Such changes in the soil chemical characteristics reduce the soil fertility, which ultimately causes the negative impact on growth and productivity of forest trees and crop plants. Acidification of water bodies causes large scale negative impact on aquatic organisms including fishes. Acidification has some indirect effects on human health also. Acid rain affects each and every components of ecosystem. Acid rain also damages man-made materials and structures. By reducing the emission of the precursors of acid rain and to some extent by liming, the problem of acidification of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem has been reduced during last two decades.

Key words: ??? Acid rain, Causes, Effects, Control

 

Copyright ? 2008 Triveni Enterprises. All rights reserved. No part of the Journal can be reproduced in any form without prior permission. Responsibility regarding the authenticity of the data, and the acceptability of the conclusions enforced or derived, rest completely with the author(s).