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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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    Abstract - Issue Oct 2007, 28 (4)                                     Back


Comparison of chemical composition of the essential oil of Laurus nobilis L. leaves and fruits from different regions of Hatay, Turkey

Mustafa Kemal Sangun*1, Ebru Aydin1, Mahir Timur1, Hatice Karadeniz1,

Mahmut Caliskan2 andAydin Ozkan1


1Department of Chemistry, 2Department of Biology, Mustafa Kemal University, Tayfur Sokmen Campus,

Faculty of Arts and Science, Antakya Hatay-31024, Turkey

(Received: May 19, 2006 ; Revised received: November 05, 2006 ; Accepted: December 15, 2006)

Abstract: The essential oils of the leaves and fruits from bay (Laurus nobilis L.) grown in Antakya, Yayladagi and Samandagi were isolated by solvent extraction and analysed by capillary gas chromatography (GC), gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC/MS). In Antakya, Yayladagi and Samandagi the chemical compositions of the fruits and leaves were similar according to qualitative and quantitative analysis. Although in both fruits and leaves the major component was found to be 1.8-Cineole a concentration of about 50% compared with essential oils. The composition of the essential oil from the leaves has high content of 1.8-Cineole, Sabinene and a-Terpinyl acetate, but a low content of a-Pinene, a-Phellandrene and trans-b-osimen. 1.8-Cineole was found major component of the leaves essential oil collected from Samandagi (59.94%) which is sea coast of region. Interestingly, a-Pinene, b-Pinene, a-Phellandrene, 1.8-Cineole and trans-b-osimen were found the major components of fruits of Laurus nobilis L. harvested from Antakya, Yayladagi and Samandagi. Trans-b-osimen was detected as the major component of fruits essential oil collected again from Samandagi (28.35%)

Key words:†† Laurus nobilis L., Essential oil, GC, GC/MS, Antakya-Hatay, Turkey

††††††††† PDF file of full length paper is available with author


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