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Journal of Environmental Biology

pISSN: 0254-8704 ; eISSN: 2394-0379 ; CODEN: JEBIDP

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        Abstract - Issue Apr 2006, 27 (2)                                                                                                             Back



paper

Farm level analysis of pesticide use in cotton production in East Mediterranean region of Turkey

 

Fuat Budak1 and Dilek Bostan Budak2

1Department of Environmental Engineering, 2Department of Agricultural Economics, ?ukurova University, Balcali, Adana, Turkey

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(Received: 27 August, 2004 ; Accepted: 21 March, 2005)

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Abstract: Various kinds of pesticides have been used in cotton production to increase yield and farm income in Turkey. Using a standardized questionnaire, farm management and pest management practices were analyzed on the basis of information gathered from 100 farmers in two provinces, Adana and Kahramanmaraş of East Mediterranean region of Turkey. Insecticide use varied considerably between two provinces. The average level of herbicides and fungicides use was slightly higher in Kahramanmaraş than in Adana. The mean level of pesticide use, as a total active ingredient, in Adana (2.69 kg/ha) was more than twice of Kahramanmaraş (1.20 kg/ha). The share of pesticides in the variable cost was 13.47% and1.14% in Adana and Kahramanmaraş, respectively. Shifting from conventional cotton production to organic production was considered to increase the producers? income and reduce the possible environmental and health hazards. Also, the need for further training and dissemination of information about pesticide use and health effects throughout the Mediterranean Region is stressed.

 

Key words: Pesticide, Cotton production, Farm management, Extension, Turkey.

 

 

 

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